Triglycerides, their causes, their effects on the liver and their treatment

Triglycerides, their causes, their effects on the liver and their treatment

Triglycerides, their causes, their effects on the liver and their treatment

What are triglycerides?

When we eat, the body converts the fat from the food consumed to energy used by humans to perform various activities, but if they are not utilized for the activity, these fats are stored in the blood and body and turn into triglycerides and also into cholesterol in the blood. 

What causes triglycerides?

  1. Aging causes high triglycerides in the blood.
  2. Obesity We find that people who suffer from a marked increase in weight accompanied by the increase in weight increase high triglycerides in the blood as well as high cholesterol.
  3. Also, the high calorie intake of alcohol leads to the liver pushing to produce more triglycerides.
  4. Liver and kidney disease.
  5. Hypothyroidism may lead to elevated triglycerides in the blood.
  6. Diabetes may lead to high triglyceride levels in the blood.
  7. Some drugs may lead to the risk of high triglycerides such as birth control pills, some steroids.

Triglycerides and their relationship to the liver:

The liver is the second largest organ in the human body and performs many important functions. It is responsible for the storage of vitamins, minerals and glucose. It also produces the gallbladder responsible for digestion of food and helps the body to resist various infections and helps to extract protein from food and supply the body and also purifies the blood Of any harmful substances.

Human liver is distinguished from other human organs in its ability to heal itself and its ability to renew its damaged cells, and when the liver can not renew those damaged cells, this leads to the injury of so-called liver cirrhosis .

The normal liver contains a percentage of fat and does not cause any harm to human health, but if this percentage exceeds the normal rate, this is the problem when the fat form from 5 to 10% of the total liver weight and often occur in the ages of 40 to 60 In humans and triglycerides may pose a significant risk to the liver if its causes are not identified and treated.

What are fatty liver patches?

The fat of the liver itself does not produce any noticeable symptoms and may be infected without being aware of it, but may result in fat liver liver injury itself inflammation and the result of the infection of hepatitis, the feeling of some symptoms, such as:
  • Anorexia.
  • Lose weight.
  • Confusion.
  • Feelings of abdominal pain.
  • feel helpless.
  • Fatigue.
  • Pain at the top of the abdomen.
  • Darken the skin in the neck and under the arms.
  • Dark spots appear on the skin.
  • Hepatocellular hypertrophy is caused by the disease for many years without treatment.

What causes fatty liver disease?

  • Alcoholic consumption causes fatty liver disease.
  • High blood lipids, which the body can not burn because of eating fatty foods that contain a high proportion of fat and calories and thus store those fats in the body and organs and turn into triglycerides on the liver .
  • Rapid weight loss.
  • Genetics.
  • Some medications such as aspirin, tamoxifen, contraceptive drug, tetracycline.
  • High cholesterol in the blood.
  • Smoking.
  • Pregnancy.
  • Hypertension.
  • Lack of movement.

Types of liver fat:

  • Alcoholic liver fat .
  • Non-alcoholic liver fat and its symptoms are loss of appetite, nausea, vomit, skin color change to yellow, abdominal pain.

Can fatty liver occur during pregnancy?

Yes, it is possible that the infection occurs although it is rare but the occurrence of the infection is not available and doctors did not find a clear cause of the injury of the pregnant woman with liver fat, but hormones may have a large role in it and begin symptoms appear in the third quarter of pregnancy is as follows:
  • nausea.
  • vomiting.
  • Public feeling of discomfort.
  • Feeling pain at the top of the abdomen to the right.

Once the disease is diagnosed by a specialist, the mother must be given birth because the triglycerides pose a significant risk to the health of the mother and fetus.

The disease does not continue and stops at the end of pregnancy several weeks, especially when you follow a healthy diet and exercise.

How is fatty liver diagnosed?

Medical Examination:

Your doctor will check your abdominal area so advise your doctor if you have nausea, vomiting, loss of appetite, what medications you are taking, or whether you are taking alcohol.

Blood test:

And the knowledge of the proportion of enzymes liver and the doctor may find an increase in enzymes liver, although the rise of enzymes is not the only indicator of the incidence of fatty liver and must be sure whether there is inflammation of the liver or not.


When you undergo an ultrasound scan, you can see an area or a white spot on the liver, as well as a MRI scan and a CT scan.

Liver biopsy:

In this test, the doctor inserts a needle until it reaches the liver and takes a piece of tissue for examination. The doctor gives you a drug so that you do not feel any pain during the procedure. This helps the doctor to determine if you have fatty liver or not.

How can I treat fatty liver?

There is no drug or surgery that can treat the fatty liver and in the case of fatty liver disease, the doctor recommends a healthy diet rich in healthy foods such as vegetables and fruit as well as baked from whole grains and fiber, as the liver is able to repair itself and renew its cells, You can get rid of those underlying fats above the liver .
  • Refrain from drinking alcohol.
  • Control of cholesterol.
  • Reduce excess weight.
  • Control blood sugar.
  • Exercise for at least 30 minutes a day.
  • Eat protein at least 15% to 20% daily.
  • Refrain from eating fast foods, fried foods.
  • Refrain from eating meat, brain, liver, kidney, marine crustaceans.
  • Eat foods high in fiber by at least 55 grams a day.
  • Refrain from taking full-fat dairy products and replacing them with low-fat dairy products.
  • Drink plenty of water with at least 8 glasses of water a day.
  • Minimize the intake of sugars.
  • Minimize the addition of salt to food so as not to lead to the retention of fluids inside the body.
  • Refrain from eating spinach, black honey or any foods that contain high iron content.

Useful foods for fatty liver:

  • Regularity of drinking coffee helps to reduce the fat of the liver.
  • Green tea helps to get rid of the fat contained in the liver because it contains antioxidants that help to burn fat.
  • Eat brown bread, brown rice.
  • Eat green bananas, carrots, beets, cabbage, parsley, apples, pears.
  • The liver patient needs 100 grams of fat a day because completely abstaining from eating fat will push the body to search for another source in order to obtain energy and will find only muscle, which will lead to muscle weakness and the accumulation of harmful chemicals in the body and can be obtained By adding a tablespoon of olive oil to the green salad.
  • It is recommended to eat celery and halion because they help to generate urine and rid the body of excess fluids.
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