Hair loss

Anyone who notices that his hair is starting to fall, is afraid, or who notices that there is a large amount of hair on the comb or hair brush, it is best to go immediately to a dermatologist.
The correct diagnosis would help the majority of those suffering from hair loss. The dermatologist can examine the patient and diagnose the cause of the hair loss and baldness, and then know whether this phenomenon will disappear on its own or that the need to give the patient a drug treatment.

Natural growth of hair

About 90% of hair grows all the time, and the length of hair growth may range from two to six years.
The remaining 10% of the hair, while resting for a period of two to three months, then falls off the hair at the end of the rest period.
When hair falls, new hair follicles grow to begin a new growth cycle, from the beginning.
Head hair grows between 10 and 15 millimeters per month. However, as you age, your hair growth rate begins to slow down.
Hair loss is often caused by the normal growth of the hair. Falling from 50 to 100 hairs a day is very normal.

Causes and risk factors of hair loss

Hair loss can occur at a high rate for a large number of reasons.
In some cases of fall, new hair grows where the hair has fallen. In other cases, it is possible to successfully treat the fallout phenomenon by going to a dermatologist.
The other cases, which do not have any treatment until today, are conducted numerous research and ongoing, and it seems at first glance that the future can be optimistic and what it carries.
However, it is worth talking to your dermatologist about the possibilities of treating the best and most effective hair loss .
The main causes of hair loss are:

1. Use of harmful chemical preparations

There are many women and men who use chemical hair care products.Among these preparations:
  • Hair dyes
  • Colors and lightening materials color
  • Hair straighteners
  • Different materials used for wrinkle.
If these preparations are used according to instructions, the possibility of damage to hair is very little.
However, if these preparations are used at close times, it is possible to weaken the hair and tends to bombard (Trichorrhexis).
If the use of these lotions leads to hair weakness and bombardment, it is advisable to stop using it, until the hair regains and recovers, and the damaged hair disappears.

Hair loss and genetic baldness

This phenomenon is known by its scientific name "Androgenetic alopecia / Calvities".
Is the most common cause of hair loss , as it is transmitted genetically from the mother or father.
Women who suffer from this phenomenon usually have light hair and very little hair, but they do not get bald completely.
This phenomenon can begin to appear in the second, third, and even fourth decade of life.

3 - alopecia areata alopecia

It is not known what causes the partial hair loss, known as " alopecia alopecia", but the belief is that they are associated with problems that affect the immune system (the body produces self-antibodies to his hair itself).
This phenomenon can occur in children or adults at any age.
People suffering from them generally have a healthy, general health status.But the infection is characterized by the emergence of bald areas, small and round, equivalent to one diameter of a coin coin, or slightly larger.
Although alopecia alopecia is a very rare phenomenon, it may lead to the fall of all head and body hair, completely. In most cases, the hair regrows again, but dermatologist's treatment can accelerate hair growth.

4- Telogen Effluvium Hair Loss

Disease, stress, stress , and other factors can lead to a large amount of hair entering the so-called "terminal phase" (the development of comfort in the effectiveness of hair follicle cells - Telogen) as part of the natural cycle of hair growth, leading to hair loss at a frequency High and accelerated (Effluvium), without producing it, mostly, bald spots completely.
This type of hair loss, in most cases, automatically stops after a few months.
Among the factors that cause hair loss (chronic):

5 - Tinea Capitis (Tinea Capitis)

Headburn is caused by fungal infection, caused by dermatophyte and characterized by the appearance of dandruff patches on the scalp (Scalp).
These spots grow larger, spread and cause hair loss, redness of the skin, bulges, and sometimes even secretion of fluid from the scalp.
This disease is very contagious and very common in children. This disease can be treated with medication.

6- Trichotillomania mania

This disease is characterized by the patient's hair curling, stiffness and extraction, whether hair head, eyebrow hair or lashes (eyelashes) in children, and sometimes in adults as well.
In some cases this is only a bad habit, disappearing after obtaining professional advice and explaining the damage and side effects that haemorrhaging can cause. But the phenomenon of haemorrhaging may be, in other cases, an emotional reaction to tension or stress, and sometimes may be a serious mental disorder and severe.

7. Cicatricial alopecia

Is a very rare phenomenon, causing the appearance of bald spots accompanied by itching and / or pain.
Inflammation around the hair follicle causes damage and leads to scars and hair loss, rather than growth.
The agent that causes scarring is not known, but the treatment is done by stopping the spread of inflammation and preventing its transmission to other parts and places of the scalp.

Treatment of hair loss

Hair loss treatments, including:

1- Surgery for hair restoration

Doctors and surgeons perform various types of surgeries that aim to restore hair, restore and restore the places that fall from them, in addition to giving the hair a natural view, as much as possible.
The most likely and most likely to undergo such operations are those who appear to have prominent baldness, who have very light hair and whose hair is damaged by a scalp injury or burns .
The type of process to be performed for hair restoration is determined by the extent and shape of baldness. A dermatologist can recommend one of the detailed types of surgery below to get the best possible result.

2- Hair Transplantation

Hair transplantation is based on the principle of "popular donation" (ie, taking the hair from a healthy place and planting it during surgery to grow back in the affected area). Hair transplantation requires the following:
  • Skin scrapping: The hair from the back and sides of the scalp (these places are called "donation areas" because they contain hair that continues to grow for life).
  • Repair and restoration of the "donation area": a process usually resulting in the appearance of a small scar, covered by the surrounding hair.
  • Cut the scalp from the scalp , containing the hair, from the donation area, and divide it into groups of implants for implants in the bald spots.
The area that can be covered by hair transplant varies depending on the size of the bald spot and the implant method used.
After about a month of operation, the bulk of the hair grows. Two months later, new hair begins to grow, and then continues to grow at a natural pace. After six months, the hair grows in form and appearance similar to the shape and appearance of natural hair.

3. Scalp (skin) scalp

Reducing head lashes is a solution for people suffering from a wide area of ​​baldness.
This treatment is an operation in which the bald spots are narrowed and, in some cases, completely hidden, by removing some centimeters from the hairless skin, and then tightening the ends of the pieces towards each other and connecting them to the stitching.
Scalp reduction can be done alone, or combined with another hair transplant.

Expanding the scalp skin / tightening the tissues

Two devices are implanted under scalp skin for three or four weeks.
The function of these devices is to tighten the skin that holds the hair, in order to improve and improve the results of the surgery to reduce scalp skin.
The tensile device works like a flex tape, while the expansion device works like a balloon. They allow to reduce the area of ​​bald skin on the scalp.
In the process of hair restoration, the person undergoing the treatment should expect:
  • Anesthesia: A treatment for hair loss is done under local anesthesia , in a dermatologist's office, in a private clinic or even in a hospital.
  • Day-to-day activities: The possibility of returning to daily routine activities, while avoiding physical exertion or sports activities until the doctor allows him to do so.
  • Side effects: The appearance of mild side effects, which can include: Puffiness and bruising around the eyes for two to three days (these side effects can be reduced by using ice packs and sleeping in half sitting position). In addition, the patient may lose sensation in the area where the implanted hair was taken, or in the area where it was implanted. But this loss of sensation usually disappears within a period of not more than three months.
  • Complex treatment: It is possible that the treatment is composed of several medical procedures at different times and sporadic, which means that the completion of treatment may require a long period of time can last from a few months to a few years.
In all types of surgeries, certain risks, always, may be part of this process. But the complications of post-treatments for hair restoration and restoration are very rare to get.
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