Healthy Breasts: Breast Cancer!

Healthy BreastsAlmost every woman wants to have a beautiful body shape. One of the supporters of the beauty of the female body shape is healthy breast, solid, strong and beautiful. But 90% of women pay less attention to the health and beauty of the breast, especially those who have been pregnant, after breastfeeding, thus unwittingly breast sagging, withered and began to wrinkle. The cause is due to the shrinking of the mammary gland, also due to the weakening of the connective tissue supporting the breast and the breast skin elasticity is reduced.
Studies show that women who are married and have given birth to at least one child are the ones most affected by breast cancer. Such women tend to be reluctant in paying attention to their own beauty and beauty of their breast. Breast cancer is a kind of cancer that develops from breast cells. Breast cancer usually starts off in the inner lining of milk ducts or the lobules that supply them with milk. A malignant tumor can spread to other parts of the body. A breast cancer that started off in the lobules is known as lobular carcinoma, while one that developed from the ducts is called ductal carcinoma.

Experts are not definitively sure what causes breast cancer. Two Major Causes of Breast Cancer are;

  1. Genetic
  2. Lifestyle factors

Genetic:

Breast cancer may be genetically inherited. However, a relatively small percentage, which is 5-10%. Women who have a close relative who has/had breast or ovarian cancer are more likely to develop breast cancer.

The characteristics of breast cancer caused by a genetic are:
  • Suffered at age <40 years
  • Suffered at age <50 years, and there are one or more first-degree relatives (parents, siblings or children) suffering from breast or ovarian cancer (ovarian),
  • Suffered at any age, and there are two or more first-degree relatives with breast cancer,

 Lifestyle factors:

The lifestyle is very influential on health, including breast health. Some high-risk conditions that influenced the lifestyle are:
  • Obesity
  • After menopause increases breast cancer risk from the effects of estrogen and progesterone is greater. 
  • Smoking (cigarette smoke in addition to having direct toxic and carcinogenic effects, might also influence chronic disease risk through hormonal mechanisms).
  • Alcohol (alcohol increases estrogen levels thus increasing the activity of endogenous tumor).
Also, read Tools for early detection of breast cancer.

Much has been said and demonstrated on how to check if breast cancer has started developing in an individual. If a woman detects any of the breast cancer signs and symptoms described below, she should speak to her doctor immediately. The doctor, often a primary care physician (general practitioner, GP) initially, will carry out a physical exam, and then refer the patient to a specialist if he/she thinks further assessment is needed.

  • The size or the shape of the breast changes
  • The nipple-skin or breast-skin may have started to peel, scale or flake.
  • A lump in a breast
  • A pain in the armpits or breast that does not seem to be related to the woman's menstrual period
  • Pitting or redness of the skin of the breast; like the skin of an orange
  • A rash around (or on) one of the nipples
  • A swelling (lump) in one of the armpits
  • An area of thickened tissue in a breast
  • One of the nipples has a discharge; sometimes it may contain blood
  • The nipple changes in appearance; it may become sunken or inverted.
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